The report estimes that in 2013, international trade in counterfeit and pirated products represented up to 2.5% of world trade, or as much as USD 461 billion. More specifically, countefeit and pirated products amounted to up to 5% of imports in 2013 in the European Union, or as much as EUR 85 billion (USD 116 billion).
The report concludes that many of the proceeds are going to organised crime. It also concludes that fake products crop up in everything from handbags and perfumes to machine parts and chemicals. Footwear is the most-copied item though trademarks are infringed even on strawberries and bananas. Counterfeiting also produces knockoffs that endanger lives – auto parts that fail, pharmaceuticals that make people sick, toys that harm children, baby formula that provides no nourishment and medical instruments that deliver false readings.
The report covers all physical counterfeit goods, which infringe trademarks, design rights or patents, and tangible pirated products, which breach copyright. It does not cover online piracy, which is a further drain on the formal economy.
Link to OECD's press release and the full report.